A Look Back at Hot Topics in Research for 2016

In partnership with SciTech Connect, Elsevier's blog for researchers, authors and editors, we share some of the hottest articles of 2016:

Chemistry
Doping in Sports: Why Aren't More Athletes Using Performance Enhancing Drugs Being Caught?
By Anthony C. Hackeny

It seems whenever we are in an Olympic and Paralympic year there are plenty of news stories about athletes who cheat by doping; that is, using performance enhancing drugs (PEDs). These stories focus on the athletes who get caught and striped of their medal or lose their award. It is well known, regrettably, that such cheating goes on all the time by athletes of all competitive levels. 

Chemical Engineering
The Chemical Engineering of Star Trek
By Sean Moran

Until they rebooted the Star Trek franchise in 2009, I'd never really thought about where the Enterprise stored all of that matter and antimatter and whatnot, and how they moved it around. It all seemed a bit electro-mechanical in the original series, and those all too rare dilithium crystals seemed to be doing the heavy lifting (and were therefore frequently used as a plot device).

Energy
Don't Write Off  Biofuels yet, We Will Need Them to Get About in the Future
By Adam lee and Karen Wilson

Bioenergy and biofuels have an important role to play in lowering the use of carbon-intensive fossil fuels – a point underscored by the IPCC report which confirmed the need for further research to improve such technology.

Biomedical Science and Medicine
Three Ways to Fuel Healthcare Innovation
By Beth Ann Fiedler

In the first of in a series of blogs based around her new book aimed at helping engineers to ensure proper maintenance of medical equipment for FDA, CE, and HIPAA compliance and safety,  and anticipate equipment problems and legal issues, and utilize equipment funding wisely, Editor Beth Fiedler discusses the problem of stimulating healthcare innovation.

Life Sciences
Sex, Genes, the Y Chromosome and the Future of Men
By Jenny Graves

The Y chromosome, that little chain of genes that determines the sex of humans, is not as tough as you might think. In fact, if we look at the Y chromosome over the course of our evolution we've seen it shrink at an alarming rate. So will it one day completely disappear?

Earth and Environmental Sciences
First Time Earth Science Authors Capture the Experience of Publishing with Elsevier (series)
By Dr. Komang Ralebitso-Senior and Caroline Orr

Thanks to two recently published first-time editors, we've put together a series of blog posts that will help you gain a better sense of the experience from the frontlines—from developing the proposal, to coordinating contributions, and balancing the book with other commitments.

Food Science
Wine and Food: Two Negatives Make a Positive
By Ron Jackson

Until the end of the 20th century, disposal of food wastes was not considered as a matter of concern. Particularly, increase of food production without improving the efficiency of the food systems was the prevalent policy. This consideration increased generation of wasted food along supply chains. In the 21th century, escalating demands for processed foods have required identification of concrete directions to minimize energy demands and economic costs as well as reduce food losses and waste. Read more...

Neuroscience
Why Psychology Lost Its Soul: Everything Comes from the Brain
By George Paxinos

It's often believed the soul can survive death and is intimately associated with a person's memories, passions and values. Some argue the soul has no mass, takes no space and is localised nowhere. But as a neuroscientist and psychologist, I have no use for the soul. On the contrary, all functions attributable to this kind of soul can be explained by the workings of the brain.

Materials Science

The Space Between (Series): What Can Materials Look Forward to in 2016
By Gary Gladysz and Krishnan K. Chawla

Understanding how materials have changed in this past 365 days is the key to predicting the way they will look on January 1, 2017. What causes this change?  What characteristics of a material are impacted by these changes? And in keeping with the topic of this blog, do voids, defects and The Space Between solids contribute to aging in materials?

You can read more articles from our SciTech Connect blog for the science and technology community at http://scitechconnect.elsevier.com/. This is a great resource to share with your patrons to help them stay up-to-date on hot topics in their field.